SUPERSTRUCTURE

  • Construction Superstructure

With frame and body done, we started with the construction of the superstructure. Before we did that, a study was made as to which type of amb jeep, GPW 231072 belonged. The manufacturing date of Octbober 20, 1944 made it clear we were dealing with a second type amb jeep, so the superstructure is the higher model. (Photo 46)

Since all the brackets to support the superstructure where missing, an original bracket was borrowed from another amb jeep restorer. Based on this original bracket, new brackets were made. The total construction is based on 9 tubes which are interconnected with a horizontal tube from left to right. Seven tubes are mounted with a bracket on the sides and front of the body and two tubes are mounted on the floor of the body. The top beam which connects the tubes from the front to the rear is made of wood (photo 50). This beam is only introduced with the second type amb jeep.

Photo's below 47, 48, 49 - higher model superstructure

photo 47 photo 48 photo 49

Photo's below 51, 52, 53, 54 - original bracket to support the superstructure

photo 51 photo 52 photo 53


Photo's below 55, 56, 57, 58 - new brackets made

photo 55 bracket rear corner photo 56 bracket front middle photo 57 bracket front left


Two types of rails were used to support the stretchers: an L-shape rail came with the first type amb jeep and a U-shaped rail came with the second type amb jeep. Since the original cuts in the rear of the body were still in place, it was easy to assess the dimensions for reproducing the right size of U-shape rails. Another difference between the types 1 and 2 ambulances is the way the stretchers are secured: on the first type amb jeep the stretchers were secured in place with a canvas strap, on the second type a spring based metal locking pin was introduced. (Photo 60) The last detail related to the stretcher rails is the introduction of a strip of metal on the front side of the superstructure to prevent a wounded soldier from being launched forward when the driver steps on the brake.

Photo 59 - U-shape rails (below)

Photo 61 - strip of metal on the front side (below)

Photo 62 - rails are mounted on top of the storage box (below)

photo 59 u-shape rails photo 61 strip of metal on the front side photo 62 rails are mounted on top of the storage box


In order to fasten the special canvas top to the body, hold down hooks and footman loops were mounted. On the first type amb jeep only three hold down hooks were mounted on the rear of the body while three footman loops were mounted in the middle and on the left front side. On the second type this was changed somewhere in 1945, to six hold down hooks on every position as the new  canvas tops now came with hold down ropes in lieu of straps.

Photo 63 - hold down hooks

Photo 64 - hold down hook mounted


YankReenactment